All You Need To Know About Esophageal Cancer: Causes, Symptoms, And Treatment

Nowadays, many people are developing Esophageal cancer, also known as Esophagus cancer. The esophagus is the long hollow tube that links the throat to the stomach. Its primary function is to ship food & fluids to the stomach. Casually it is also called a gullet and food pipe. When a tumor forms in any part of this muscular pipe, it is known as Esophagus cancer. Whether it’s a male or a female, anyone can become a victim of this deadly disease. However, chain smokers and alcoholic people are at the highest risk of this cancer.

Esophageal cancer is the 6th most common cause of death globally. You may be surprised to know that around 42,000 people died in India from this life-threatening disorder. If you or your loved ones realize symptoms of this cancer, it would be better to seek the best esophagus cancer treatment in Kolkata or any other city as soon as possible. Any delay can put you in big trouble later. This article will highlight the key symptoms, causes, and treatment options for Esophageal cancer. Keep reading to know more.

Early Symptoms Of Esophageal Cancer

Difficulty In Swallowing

People with esophageal cancer have trouble swallowing the food, as the food gets stuck in the throat. The tumor grows over time, and the condition becomes worse.

Excessive Pain In Chest

Excessive pain in the middle of the chest is another common symptom of esophagus cancer. Many people get confused by this pain and think that it is just normal heartburn.

Chronic Cough & Hoarseness

Nearly 20% of the people diagnosed with this deadly cancer experience chronic cough and hoarseness.

Sudden Weight Loss

About 85 percent of people with esophageal cancer lose a significant amount of weight suddenly, without dieting or workout.

Digestion Issues & Heartburn

Patients of this cancer experience frequent acid reflux, heartburn and indigestion issues.

If you have any of the above symptoms, find the best GI surgeon and promptly get esophagus cancer treatment.

Now Let us Dive Into Key Causes Of Gullet Cancer:

It is clear that the uncontrolled growth of cells results in esophageal cancer. There is no specific reason behind this; however, some research claims that gullet cancer occurs when the cells of the food pipe develop changes in their DNA. Other common causes of this health condition are the following-:


Excessive weight gain increases the risk of developing esophagus cancer.


The studies have shown males are at the higher risk of esophageal cancer.


Consuming tobacco in form can also develop this deadly disease in males and females.


Intake of alcohol over the limit for long periods elevates the chances of falling prey to esophagus cancer.


People having gastroesophageal reflux disease are also at high risk of becoming victims of this cancer.

Poor Diet

An unhealthy and low nutritional diet is another key cause of esophagus cancer.


Lye (sodium hydroxide) is a very alkaline thing. If you or your children mistakenly devour, there is a high chance of developing esophageal cancer.

Types Of Esophageal Cancer:

Generally, there are following three major types of Esophageal Cancer


This is the most common type of Esophageal Cancer and typically attacks obese mid-age males. It occurs in the part of the food pipe.

Squamous Cell Carcinoma

The second prevalent type of cancer is Squamous Cell Carcinoma. It occurs when Squamous Cell starts growing uncontrollably in the upper and lower portion of the gullet.

Small Cell Carcinoma

Small Cell Carcinoma Esophageal Cancer attacks very few people. There is only 0.1% to 2.4% of this disorder.

Treatment For Esophageal Cancer:

The purpose of Esophageal Cancer treatment is to take out the whole tumor from the food pipe. The surgeon may use surgical procedures, chemotherapy, radiation therapy or all of these to remove the cancerous cells. The two most popular types of surgeries for Esophageal Cancer are Esophagectomy and Esophagogastrectomy. You can take following measures to reduce the risk of this cancer:

  • Do not Smoke
  • Devour alcohol in limits
  • Eat healthy diet
  • Maintain Optimum Weight

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