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What is an Electrical Panel and Why do you Need it?

An electrical panel, also known as a service panel, is the central distribution point for your home’s electrical system. It is responsible for breaking down the main electrical power supply into separate circuits that can be used for various appliances and electronic devices in the home. Having a functional electrical panel is essential for ensuring the safety of your home and its inhabitants. This blog will discuss what an electrical panel is and why you need one.

Benefits of an Electrical Panel 

An Electrical Distribution Panel is essential to any home’s electrical system, providing power to outlets, lights, and other electrical devices. Without it, none of these things would function. While most homeowners may not give it much thought, having a functioning electrical panel is vital for safety, energy efficiency, and cost savings. 

A. Improved Electric Safety

The primary benefit of having a functioning electrical panel is improved electrical safety. Electrical panels help to regulate the flow of electricity throughout the home, preventing overloading and potential hazards like electrocution or fire. This is especially important if you use higher-powered appliances like air conditioners or electric stoves. With a functioning electrical panel, you can be sure that your home is protected from potential electrical-related hazards. 

B. Increased Energy Efficiency

In addition to providing safety, electrical panels can also help to increase energy efficiency. By ensuring that the electrical system is functioning properly, you can avoid waste from inefficient appliances or lights that may be drawing too much power. This can help to reduce your monthly energy bills and make your home more energy efficient. 

C. Cost Savings

A functioning electrical panel can also help save you money in the long run. You can avoid costly repairs or replacements by avoiding electrical hazards and ensuring that the electrical system is functioning properly. Additionally, by increasing your home’s energy efficiency, you can reduce your monthly energy bills and save money in the long run. 

Overall, having a functioning electrical panel is essential for safety, energy efficiency, and cost savings. Investing in a quality panel and having it regularly inspected ensures that your home’s electrical system is working properly and that you are protected from potential hazards.

Types of Electrical Panels 

Regarding the electrical wiring in your home, the two most important components are the main service panel and the subpanel. This blog post will discuss these two components in detail, including the different types of main service panels and subpanels. 

A. Main Service Panel

A main service panel, also referred to as a breaker box, is the main distribution point for all the electrical circuits in your home. It is typically located in a utility closet, basement, or garage and is usually mounted to the wall. The main service panel houses all the circuit breakers for the home’s electrical circuits and is the main point of contact from the utility company to your home.

B. Subpanels

Subpanels are secondary distribution points for the electrical circuits in your home. They are typically located in the same area as the main service panel and are connected to it by a main breaker. They provide additional power to a specific home area, such as a workshop or an additional living space. Subpanels provide a convenient way to power these areas without running additional wiring from the main panel.

What to Look For in an Electrical Panel 

Are you looking to upgrade your home’s electrical panel? If so, there are a few key things you should look for when shopping around. Knowing what to look for can help ensure you get the best quality and safest panel for your home. Here’s what you should consider when selecting an electrical panel:

A. Quality

Quality is one of the most important factors when selecting an electrical panel. Look for a panel made from high-quality materials, such as copper or aluminum, and is UL listed. In addition, the panel has been tested and approved by Underwriters Laboratories, a third-party testing organization.

B. Voltage Rating

You’ll also want to consider the voltage rating of the panel. This will determine how much power it can handle. Ensure the voltage rating is at least as high as your current home needs.

C. Size

The electrical panel size is important, as it will determine how many circuits you can install. Ensure the panel is large enough to accommodate all the necessary circuits. Also, consider the panel’s physical size and ensure it will fit in the space you have available.

By considering these factors when selecting an electrical panel, you can get the best quality and safest panel for your home.

Installing an Electrical Panel 

If you’re looking to install an electrical panel in your home, there are two key steps to take: 

Hiring a Professional

When installing an electrical panel, hiring an experienced professional is important. This is especially true if you’re looking to upgrade an existing panel. A professional electrician will have the knowledge and experience to ensure your panel is installed correctly and safely. In addition, they’ll be able to ensure that the appropriate permits and inspections are completed as needed. A professional can also guide the best type of panel for your needs and budget.

Understanding Local Codes

Before installing an electrical panel, it’s important to understand the local codes and regulations that may apply. Depending on the area, there may be specific requirements for the panel type, wiring, and installation process. Additionally, some areas may require permits for installation, inspections during the process, and a final inspection after completion. Understanding these local codes is important to ensure your panel is up to code.

Overall, installing an electrical panel can be a complex process. For this reason, it’s important to hire a professional and understand local codes before starting the project. By taking these two steps, you’ll be able to ensure that your panel is installed safely and up to code.


An electrical panel is a critical component in the electrical control system of any home or business, providing power to the outlets, switches and circuits. It is important to have an electrical panel installed correctly to ensure your property’s safety and protect it from electrical fires and other hazards. Taking the time to ensure your electrical panel is properly maintained and functioning is an important part of responsible home and business ownership.