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Different Parts of an Agricultural Tractor – Meaning & Usage

A tractor is an agricultural vehicle used for carrying out various farm activities. A time has come when tractors have become an integral part of farming. When we talk about agriculture, we surely talk about tractors. But do we even understand this beautiful piece of machinery for what it is worth?

A tractor is a compilation of several components assembled to produce effective results. These distinct components have their own characteristics that make them unique. For a tractor to work efficiently, these parts need to work efficiently on an individual level.

Tractors help us improve the yield, but we also need to understand these complex machines to make the most out of them. For example, if you drive a Farmtrac Tractorwithout knowing what it offers, then operating such a major brand will be worthless. Read further to understand these agricultural machines more deeply because the beauty is in the details.

Different parts of a tractor


A tractor works because the engine works. In fact, any vehicle moves due to its engine. If a tractor were a human, the engine would be its heart. The engine provides power to the tractor, and the tractor’s horsepower measures this power. High horsepower means a stronger engine. Also, a diesel-powered engine is more robust than a gasoline-powered engine.


The engine might be too powerful, but what if the power transmission is not adequate? This component decides the efficiency of the tractor. Broadly, there are two kinds of transmission – hydrostatic and mechanised. Foot pedals drive hydrostatic transmission tractors. Whereas, mechanised transmission tractors are operated with a gear-controlling stick.

Power take-off

Another critical aspect of a tractor is its PTO (power take-off). These days, almost every modern tractor comes with a PTO to make the tractor compatible with other farm implements like rotavator, cultivator, etc. The PTO runs on its horsepower, different from the engine horsepower. If an engine horsepower were a cake, an effective PTO would work as an icing on the cake.


The tractor wheels let the tractor work with adequate traction. The tires are generally filled with air or some liquid that adds more weight to the tractor, resulting in better traction on the ground. Better tires help the tractor to balance itself on wet and muddy soils effectively. However, some tractors come with tracks instead of wheels.

Wheel drive

Broadly, a tractor runs on either two-wheel-drive or four-wheel-drive. A 2WD means the tractor pulls itself ahead using just the rear tyres. Whereas, a 4WD means the tractor pulls itself forward using all four tyres. A 4WD tractor offers better traction on the fields, as it works with maximum force.


The hydraulic power of a tractor assists in various functions. For instance, hydraulic-powered steering ensures smooth turning. Besides this, hydraulic power helps with proper functioning and lifting of the farm implements like front-end loaders.


No one can imagine a tractor without steering. Nowadays, the tractors equip either a power steering or mechanical steering. Both of these assist the tractor in moving with ease. Some good examples of tractors with efficient steering would be Farmtrac 45 Classic and Farmtrac 6055 Classic T20.

Control Panel

The control panel of the tractor enables the operator to monitor the tractor. Most importantly, it consists of brakes that stop the tractor or decreases the speed as per the requirement. The brakes also have two broad categories – dry disc brakes or oil-immersed brakes.


Tractors come with different sets of gearboxes that regulate the speed accordingly. You may find a tractor with six forward plus two reverse gears, but you may also find a tractor with 12 forward plus 12 reverse gears. For example, Farmtrac Tractors provide a variety of tractors with diverse gearboxes.


A drawbar enables the tractor to attach implements at the rear end that the tractor drags for performing farm activities like tillage, ploughing, etc. Without this attachment, the coupling of other farm equipment would not be possible.


You will find most modern tractors with a three-point hitch. It enables the tractor to hassle-free load and unloads the agricultural equipment. A hitch also bears the heavy implements’ weight so that the tractor smoothly raises or lowers the equipment when needed.


Sometimes, the farmer needs to work at night time as well. The headlights provide proper visibility to operate the tractor with enough lightning. Some tractors don’t offer this feature, but you can add it on if you need to work at darker periods of the day.

This post was all about knowing your tractor better. The knowledge of the various parts of a tractor enables farmers to put their tractor to the best use and helps in understanding the price difference between different models. For example, the Farmtrac tractor price for a model loaded with the latest and technologically advanced components would always be marginally higher than the price of a comparatively lower variant.

For more information on the best tractor brands, new, popular and upcoming tractor models, tractor on-road prices, specifications, images, videos, reviews and more, stay connected with us.

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