Electric vehicles are great for winter, but you need to know what you’re doing. In this article, we’ll discuss how electric cars perform in the cold and recommend some ways to prepare if you want to drive in winter without an issue.
Yes, electric cars can be driven in winter
With the right precautions and planning, electric cars can be driven in winter.
The battery range of an electric car is not affected by cold temperatures – it’s quite the opposite. In fact, studies show that a battery’s capacity increases in colder weather. That means your car will have more energy available as you drive it! But there are some things you should keep in mind:
- It takes longer for batteries to charge when they’re low on power (below freezing) because electricity moves more slowly through metals at lower temperatures.
- If you’re driving during extremely cold weather, consider pre-heating your car for about 15 minutes before plugging it into a charger so that the charging process will happen faster once it starts up again once inside your vehicle.
In particular, cars with a large battery pack and all-wheel-drive are highly capable
When it comes to electric cars, the larger the battery pack, the better. For example, one of our favourite EVs—the Tesla Model 3 has a range of 220 miles on a single charge and can be charged from empty in as little as 30 minutes when using an optional fast charger that costs $750. Battery size is important because when you’re driving in winter conditions, your car will use more energy to heat up its cabin and keep its battery warm enough for efficient charging tesla for sale. When driving short distances (less than 40 miles), a small battery pack may be able to get through with only one or two charges per day; however, if you’re travelling farther than 40 miles away from home frequently during inclement weather conditions and drive at speeds above 45 mph on average during these journeys then we recommend checking out vehicles with larger batteries (which tend to charge more quickly).
The key challenge for electric cars in winter is the cold temperatures themselves
Electric car batteries are less efficient in cold weather. A battery’s capacity to store and release energy is reduced by as much as 30% when it gets below freezing point, and that reduced capacity goes a long way towards reducing your range.
The practical upshot of this is that you may need to preheat your electric car before driving if you plan on taking it out on a particularly icy day. The best way to do this is with an engine block heater: an electrical device which warms up the coolant before it goes into the engine so that everything starts off nice and warm when you turn over the ignition key – think of it as preheating your vehicle from outside rather than having all those parts try to heat up from within at once, which can lead to overheating and potential damage if not done correctly.
Behind the wheel, the battery range isn’t likely to be affected much, but charging will take longer.
The range of all-electric cars will be affected by the temperature, but the main difference is that battery charging takes longer in extreme cold or heat.
In winter, your battery will have to work harder to get up to an acceptable temperature before it can deliver maximum acceleration and power. This means that if you plug your car in for a quick charge before leaving for work on a cold morning, it may not be fully charged by the time you get there.
It might be worth charging overnight
In summer again, your batteries will not need as much cooling because vehicles are often parked in shade with their windows down. However, this does mean that if you’re planning on driving somewhere far away from home it might be worth charging overnight so that you arrive at your destination with plenty of juice left over
In extreme situations, like temperatures below -20 C, it’s possible that batteries will experience an increase in internal resistance, reducing their capacity and range on a full charge.
In these cases, you should consider using an EVSE extension cable to keep your vehicle warm while charging it.
In extreme situations where the temperature is very low (-20C or lower), you may want to consider pre-heating the car (and battery) to avoid charging when it’s at its coldest point. This can be done with the car plugged in while stationary, tapping into grid energy rather than the car’s own battery. If you live in a cold-weather area, preheating the car may be a good option for you. If you don’t have access to a garage or charging station, this can be done with the car plugged in while stationary on a regular basis. This is also an option if your commute typically takes place during freezing temperatures. While it won’t charge as quickly as it would at full temperature (the battery will warm up throughout your commute), it will still get some power flowing into its cells and help keep them from getting too cold.
Electric vehicles are great in winter as long as you know how to prepare
While electric vehicles can be great in the winter, you do need to know how to prepare. In particular, cars with a large battery pack and all-wheel-drive are highly capable. In fact, they’re even better than some gasoline or diesel models in cold conditions.
The key challenge for tesla electric cars for sale in winter is the cold temperatures themselves: as batteries get colder, their range decreases—and if you’ve ever been stuck on an interstate highway with a dead battery while freezing rain pelts your windshield, then you know exactly why that’s not ideal!
Here’s what to do: first, run defrosters full blast at least 15 minutes before attempting any long drives through freezing temperatures; second, make sure your tires are properly inflated; thirdly (and this one might seem obvious), don’t forget about safety features like seatbelts and airbags!
So, are electric cars good to drive in winter? Yes! As long as you know how to prepare. Make sure your car is plugged into a charger that can handle the power draw and make sure its battery pack is warm before starting off on a cold day. If you’re driving a large battery vehicle with all-wheel drive, you should be able to handle most situations thrown at you by Mother Nature herself!