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Understanding the Significance of Organic Farming in India

Organic farming is a natural farming method that doesn’t use any chemicals for pesticides or fertilisers. Only natural manures, such as compost, farm and animal wastes, and organic wastes, used in organic farming. Its main goal is to maintain the health of the soil while preserving its life. Biological pest control, mixed cropping, and crop rotation are a few techniques used in organic farming.

The Value of Organic Agriculture

An essential component of preserving the natural ecosystem is organic farming. Organic farming helps to preserve the environment, make it less contaminated, and lessen the threat to all of the planet’s life-sustaining resources. Furthermore, organic farming imported to supply people with wholesome food. They become less susceptible to fatal diseases when they eat healthier food made from organic produce because very little or no chemicals enter their bodies through food. Furthermore, the use of natural manures in organic farming keeps the soil in better shape and exceptionally fertile.

Benefits of Growing Organic Food

  • Restoring the degraded soil: The best defence against pollution of the environment and soil deterioration is organic farming. Organic farming is contributing to soil regeneration in some parts of the world where excessive use of chemical fertilisers degraded the soil by replenishing it with essential nutrients.
  • Keeping the soil in its ideal condition: Because organic farming uses only organic manures, it aids in keeping the soil in its ideal condition so that more high-quality crops can produced.
  • No need to buy chemical manures: Because organic farmers only use natural and organic manures, they are exempt from having to buy chemical manures, which significantly lowers their costs.
  • Enhances soil quality: Because organic farming adds a variety of essential nutrients to the soil and helps it hold onto those nutrients, it helps the soil recover its fertility. You can also consider any affordable tractor like the Mahindra 585 Price is fair for the farmers.

The Significance of Organic Agriculture

  • A quarter of the people in India do not receive three square meals per day.
  • Only regions with rich soil and sufficient water supplies saw a concentration of the green revolution (GR). 70% of the area contributed only 40% of the food produced, whereas 30% of the GR area contributed 60%.
  • The yield of organic agriculture (OA) reduced in intensive farming systems. When irrigated land and regions with abundant water resources converted to organic farming, the resulting yields are typically nearly the same.
  • OA demonstrated the ability to raise yields in conventional rainfed areas (with minimal outside inputs). The difference in crop yield between organic and conventional production narrows to between 10 and 15% in conditions of restricted water availability or rainfed conditions.
  • Farmers used to select their crops based on the soil and climate back then. At Baroda, Alexander Walker (1829) –The whole year round cultivation of green fodder included intercropping, crop rotation, fallowing, composting, and maturing.
  • The status of organic farming (OF) in the nation was determined by the task force on OF that the Union Ministry of Agriculture established in 2001. The report states that “thousands of farmers across the nation engage in organic farming in an unorganised manner.”

Integrated Organic farming:

One kind of farming called integrated organic farming uses the waste products from one process as nutrient feed for another. This guarantees the development of a self-sufficient unit while generating the least amount of waste and wasting resources possible while also getting the most output out of it.

For instance, a series of procedures used in agriculture, beekeeping, composting, dairy management, and water harvesting.

  • Natural fertilisers made from cattle manure and crop waste compost.
  • The farm can use the natural gas produced by composting to meet its energy needs.
  • Water harvested for irrigation made available.
  • A farm can produce enough feed for all the cattle.
  • Bees assist in crop pollination.

The drawbacks of farming organically

  • Increased expenses for production: In order to maintain the various tasks involved in organic farming, farmers need more labour, which drives up the cost of producing crops.
  • Crop yield expands: Farmers who use organic farming do not receive as much yield from their farms as they do from conventional farming, so the produce they produce expands.

Summary

Long-term thinking dictates that organic farming is essential to maintaining life on Earth. For the soil to naturally replenish its fertility and to yield nutritious food for human consumption, organic farming is essential. Low crop yields can have an impact on farmers, but organic farming is essential for everyone to live naturally and preserve the ecological and environmental balance for future generations. Given the current situation, where our agricultural fields’ soil is degrading as a result of overuse of chemical fertilisers, organic farming may the best method to replenish Mother Earth’s natural nutrient reserves so that future generations of humans can live longer, healthier lives.

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