Role of Arthroscopy in ACL Injury

Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) injury is very common in sports, especially in contact sports that involve sudden turns of the knee. Currently, the rupture of the Cruciate Ligament has a very superior prognosis and a magnificent improvement.

The main problem with the cruciate ligament injury is that it hardly heals independently. In contrast, the medial collateral ligament has a high rate of healing on its own with conservative (non-surgical) treatment.

Why is the Cruciate Ligament Torn?

The most frequent rupture mechanism of the cruciate ligament is a sudden and uncontrolled twist of the knee. Keeping the foot nailed to the ground or blocked by an opposing player and continuing to turn the player’s body excessively causes this ligament to be unable to resist excessive traction and break. Suppose this turn is too abrupt or other associated movements occur.

 In that case, it can lead to the injury of the cruciate ligament and the breaking of other structures of the knee (menisci, cartilage, lateral ligaments). ACL Ligament Surgery in Delhi prevents the tibia from moving from front to back. It controls that the femur does not rotate on the knee. It is an important stabilizer of the rotation of the knee.

Treatment of ACL Tears – Arthroscopy

Most injury cases to the Anterior Cruciate Ligament have to be operated on. With arthroscopy, it is possible to replace the ligament and the associated injuries with minimal incisions, which entails a faster recovery, less pain, and more precision in the treatment. Arthroscopy has revolutionized the treatment of sports injuries.

The most accepted in the international medical literature is to use other tendons belonging to the patient in these cases, the most frequent being the patellar tendon and the hamstring tendons, to replace the torn ACL

How long does Cruciate Ligament Recovery Take?

In the recovery from an arthroscopy due to rupture of the Cruciate Ligament, there must be a balance between starting to mobilize very quickly but with the risk that the ligament “loosens” or leaving it “quiet” for a long time to ensure healing. This last option will lead to more stiffness and muscle atrophy.

Rupture of the Cruciate Ligament is:

  • About 4-6 weeks walk without crutches; 2 months start cycling;
  • 3 months of muscle toning exercises;
  • 3-4 months start a career
  • Complete recovery is usually achieved in 5-7 months. Everything depends on the initial starting point and the previous state’s state.

When Should a Cruciate Ligament Rupture be Operated on?

In the event of a rupture or injury to the cruciate ligament, it is neither better nor worse to operate soon. It is to operate on the ACL in the middle of the inflammatory phase of the injury.

ACL Injury in Professional Athletes

The initial diagnosis is usually made immediately (in less than 24 hours with an MRI). Knowing that the cruciate ligament will not heal, the sooner it is operated on, and the less inflammation occurs (both due to the injury and the surgery), the faster and better the recovery will be.

ACL Injury in Amateur Athletes

In amateur athletes, the diagnosis of cruciate ligament rupture is delayed 1-2 weeks. At that time, ACL Ligament Surgery in Delhi will be in the full inflammatory phase of the injury, with associated muscle atrophy. The patient should start a pre-surgical rehabilitation process to reduce inflammation and improve muscle tone. The better conditions you get to the surgery, the faster and better the recovery afterward.

SUMMARY

In this post, you will know about Role of Arthroscopy in ACL Injury and this post provide you complete information regarding treatment. It will be supportive for you to find a successful and most effective treatment for ACL Ligament Surgery by arthroscopy.