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Why do I feel dizzy and nauseous?

Dizziness is a common condition experienced by a majority of the population irrespective of age and gender at least once in a lifetime. It is not an ailment, rather it is a symptom of various underlying conditions. Living with dizziness is not an easy task as it seems to the outer world. It creates hindrance in accomplishing daily chores and simple tasks like walking, running, jogging, etc. seems tiring. 

A sensation of feeling off-balance or feeling unsteady when the world seems to blur around such a condition is known as dizziness. Sudden bouts of dizziness may appear any time without any warning and get resolved over time if the condition is not severe. A person experiencing dizziness may even experience sudden strokes of vertigo where the room or nearby surrounding seems to spin around or a person may experience he is spinning all by himself. If the condition is severe repeated episodes of vertigo dizziness bouts may prove to be a life-threatening cause if it appears amidst traffic, while lifting heavy weights or driving.

Nausea and vomiting are common dizziness symptoms that are often accompanied by dizzy spells. As you start feeling unsteady, the stomach content travels in the upward direction to the esophagus and out your mouth thus resulting in making you feel nauseated and feel like vomiting.

Dizziness can affect the eyes, ears, and sometimes resulting in fainting. If you are experiencing dizziness along with spinning sensations, it denotes a serious health condition that needs immediate medical attention. It is advised to consult an expert neurologist to get yourself diagnosed if you are experiencing dizziness symptoms frequently. Your doctor will carry a series of vertigo tests to diagnose the underlying vertigo dizziness cause and would suggest the right dizziness treatment accordingly. He will prescribe you with certain dizziness medicines to suppress or alleviate the symptoms completely. 

Let’s have a look at some of the most common causes of dizziness that makes it difficult for a person to lead a normal life. Here we go:

1.Dehydration

Lack of a sufficient amount of fluid in the body results in making a person feel dizzy. It’s not always necessary to have a complex reason that results in making a person feel dizzy, a simple dehydration can result in making a person feel dizzy all of a sudden. It is one of the most common causes of dizziness that is experienced by many people at least once in a lifetime. Our body constitutes 78% of water, lack of sufficient amount of water results in making a person woozy. Not drinking an adequate amount of water and excretion of sweat after heavy work out sessions results in losing water content from the body thus making a person dehydrated later resulting in dizziness.  It is essential to drink a minimum of 8 to 10 ounces of water every day to remain hydrated and prevent dizziness.

2. Medication

Some people take medicines daily to deal with certain health issues like diabetes or blood pressure. Side effects of certain antibiotics on a person’s body result in making them feel dizzy. Consult a doctor for an alternate medicine if certain medicines are making you lose balance to prevent yourself from the sudden occurrence of dizzy spells.

3. A health condition 

Hyperglycemia known as low blood sugar levels or low blood pressure is another possible cause that makes a person feel dizzy. A person suffering from diabetes is more at risk of developing such a condition. Grabbing a bar of chocolate to eat is of much help if one is experiencing dizziness bouts due to hyperglycemia. 

4. Certain lifestyle habits

Certain lifestyle habits result in making a person feel dizzy. Alcohol or caffeinated beverages dehydrate the body to a greater extent thus resulting in dizzy spells. Making certain modifications in lifestyle habits helps in preventing dizziness. 

5. Anxiety and stress

A person experiences anxiety due to an increased level of stress resulting in showing physical symptoms. Intense anxiety and stress result in making a person feel dizzy along with a feeling of vomiting.

6. Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV Vertigo)

It is one of the most common causes of vertigo dizziness diagnosed in patients who are experiencing dizzy spells along with spinning sensations. Inflammation, infection, or injury in the inner ear results in making a person feel dizzy. 

BPPV is referred to as a deposition of calcium crystals in the inner ear that blocks the vestibular nerve responsible for sending sensory signals from the inner ear to the brain that regulates the balance of the body. The inflamed nerve results in sending unclear messages to the brain thus resulting in making a person lose balance and feel dizzy all of sudden. The slightest movement in the position of the head and neck triggers the symptoms. Practicing repositioning maneuvers twice a day regularly at home for up to a month is one of the best vertigo dizziness treatments to alleviate dizziness symptoms.

7. Meniere’s disease 

Meniere’s disease is another possible cause that results in repeated episodes of vertigo dizziness. It is a condition where a person experiences fluid build-up in the inner ear. The increased pressure in the inner ear results in making a person lose balance and feel unsteady along with vertigo spells. If the case becomes severe, it may even result in a loss of permanent hearing ability. It is advised to make some dietary modifications to ease the symptoms. Go on a low salt diet and reduce the consumption of caffeinated beverages. Consult a doctor to get the right treatment and advise on easing out the condition. 

7.Vestibular neuritis and Labyrinthitis

Inflammation in the vestibular nerves, cochlear nerve, or in the labyrinth present in the inner ear responsible for maintaining balance and hearing, results in causing Vestibular neuritis and Labyrinthitis. It results in causing vertigo dizziness in patients. It is advised to seek treatment on time to ease vertigo dizziness symptoms and prevent it from getting intense. 

8. Vestibular migraines

Unlike traditional migraines, vestibular migraines do not necessarily come with severe headaches. Sudden bouts of dizzy spells are the most common symptom of such a condition. Apart from it, motion sickness, nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to light and sound are other symptoms of vestibular migraines. 

Book an appointment with a doctor to get yourself diagnosed if you are experiencing sudden bouts of dizziness frequently. The right treatment at the right time helps in alleviating symptoms sooner than you expect.

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