Menstrual Disorders: Overview, Diagnosis, and Treatments
When a female faces a problem in her menstrual cycles and has symptoms that include irregular periods, excessive or no bleeding, etc., she is suffering from a menstrual disorder. Jaipur is the hub of the treatments of menstrual disorders. Mishka IVF, the best IVF center in Jaipur, provides the best remedies to all your needs! We get many queries from the people regarding menstrual disorders. Some of them are:
- What is the treatment of amenorrhea?
- What is amenorrhea?
- What are amenorrhea causes and treatments?
- What are amenorrhea symptoms?
- What are amenorrhea and Dysmenorrhea?
- Explain Dysmenorrhea meaning
- What is dysmenorrhea treatment
- dysmenorrhea definition
- dysmenorrhea symptoms
- dysmenorrhea cause
- what is Dysmenorrhea
- PMS meaning
- menstrual cycle
- PMS symptoms
- what is PMS
- premenstrual syndrome symptoms
- PMS treatment
- what is premenstrual syndrome?
Overview and Meaning
With each menstrual cycle, the uterus prepares itself to sustain the developing embryo with the endometrium. If fertilization doesn’t take place, the body sheds the uterine lining during the menses. In specific contexts, this cycle may be irregular, indicating some menstrual disorders.
Types and Causes
Some Menstrual Disorders are as follows:
Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)
PMS or Pre Menstrual Syndrome is any unpleasant and/or uncomfortable symptoms during the menses, and this phase is transitory and may unsettle normal functioning during this period. Premenstrual Syndrome Symptoms may start ten days before the onset of the monthly cycle and might last for a few hours or many days straight, the kind of signs and symptoms faced, and the severity of them can vary for individual females as every physique is different in terms of sensitivity precisely.
A more severe form of Premenstrual Syndrome is Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD), which affects roughly 3%-8% of women of fertile age. PMDD demands medication by a specialist. As per the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, nearly 85% of females experience at least a common symptom and/ or discomfort related to Premenstrual Syndrome Symptom during their fertile years. Premenstrual Syndrome Symptoms in approximately 5% of the females are so intense that the severity of them weakens them.
Premenstrual Syndrome Symptoms
Although the Premenstrual Syndrome Symptoms differs from person to person, there are some common symptoms of PMS that can be found in a majority of individuals each individual may experience symptoms differently, the most common Premenstrual Syndrome Symptoms can include any of the following:
- Fluid retention (swelling of fingers, ankles, and feet)
- Hot flashes
- Skin problems (acne)
- Psychological symptoms (depression, anxiety, irritability)
- Gastrointestinal symptoms (bloating)
- Diminished libido (sex drive)
- Vision problems
- Heart palpitations
- Muscle spasms
- Eye infections
- Changes in appetite
- Decreased coordination
The intensity of Premenstrual Syndrome symptoms can also be reduced by utilizing simple lifestyle modifications which include:
Getting adequate sleep and rest
Eating a well-balanced diet that includes whole grains, vegetables and fruit, and a decreasing salt, sugar, caffeine, and alcohol intake
Exercising at least 3 to 5 times each week
Amenorrhea is characterized by the absence of menstrual periods for more than three monthly cycles.
Amenorrhea is of two types:
Primary Amenorrhea: When the menstrual cycle does not initiate at puberty, it’s known as Primary Amenorrhea.
Secondary amenorrhea: Secondary amenorrhea is when the regular and natural menstrual cycle become gradually irregular and peculiar or the female is devoid of the menstrual cycle. Physical causes might be the reason for the late commencement of periods.
Amenorrhea can develop due to various reasons, even those activities which we consider a part of the daily life, such as breast-feeding, menopause, pregnancy, etc. It might develop due to medicines or some health problem which may include:
- Obesity, overweightedness
- Body abnormality, Congenital Malformation, etc
- Thyroid problems
- Excessive or laborious exercise
- Eating disorder
- Ovulation abnormality
If a minimum of three consecutive menstrual cycles are missed or if the menstrual cycle has not onset in the female and she is of 16 yrs of age or more, it is inevitable to visit a specialist for the cure. As with any other health problem, early examination and cure is very crucial.
Dysmenorrhea is identified by intense and regular menstrual cramps and agony associated with the menstrual cycle.
The causes of Primary Dysmenorrhea and Secondary Dysmenorrhea differ from each other.
Primary Dysmenorrhea, females experience uncommon uterine contractions that arise from hormonal imbalance in the female body.
Secondary Dysmenorrhea is developed due to the other health concerns, more often than not, the leading causal factor is endometriosis. Other possible causes may include:
- pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
- uterine fibroids
- abnormal pregnancy (i.e., miscarriage, ectopic)
- infection, tumors, or polyps in the pelvic cavity
Dysmenorrhea can develop in any female, but those who are at increased risk include:
- Those who consume excessive alcohol during their period
- Women who are overweight
- Women who started menstruating before the age of 11
The most common symptoms may include:
- Cramping or pain in the lower abdomen
- Low back pain or pain radiating down the legs
A diagnosis can only be positive when the specialist has dismissed other menstrual disorders, medical complications, or medicines that may be the reason for the development of inflammation of the health problem.
Diagnosis and Treatments
Diagnosing Menstrual Problems
The primary step in diagnosing menstrual problems is to see a gynecologist. The Gynae will want to know the details regarding symptoms and for how long is the female experiencing those.
In addition to a physical exam, a pelvic exam is more often than not performed by the Gynae. A pelvic exam allows the Gynae to assess the female’s reproductive organs and to determine if the female’s vagina or cervix is inflamed. A Pap smear can also be performed to rule out any possibility of cancer or any other underlying problems.
Blood tests can help determine whether hormonal imbalances are the reason for a female’s menstrual problems. In case a female believes that she might be pregnant, the Gynae and/or specialized nurse practitioner will order a blood or urine pregnancy test during her visit to the Gynae.
Other tests that the Gynae might perform to help diagnose the source of a female’s menstrual problems include:
- Endometrial biopsy (used to extract a sample of the uterine lining that can be sent for further analysis)
- Hysteroscopy (a small camera is inserted into the uterus to help the doctor find any abnormalities)
- Ultrasound (used to produce a picture of the uterus)
Treatments for menstrual disorders
Discussing your menstrual disorder symptoms with your doctor can help determine what type of treatments can best reduce or relieve your symptoms, including:
The treatments of menstrual disorders, though dependent on the type of menstrual disorder a female has, might include the following:
- Dietary modifications
- Regular exercise
- Oral contraceptives
- Vitamin or mineral supplements
- Hormone supplements
- Prostaglandin inhibitors
Irregularities in menses and pain is often the sign of certain disorder brooding in the female body. The female must visit her Gynae for the resolution of the same. Mishka IVF is the best IVF center in Jaipur and provides the best treatments for the menstrual disorders for the females.